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Combating Disinformation in the Classroom

Teaching students the core elements of information literacy has become a battle in the age of disinformation. This guide provides resources and helpful tips to get your teaching on track to combat disinformation in the classroom.


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Kim Veliz
Andover 5000 Library
Office 5012A
715 E. 13th St.
Andover, KS 67002

Fact Checking Sites and Tools for Evaluating Sources

Fact checking sites are great tools for checking if an article, tweet, or claim can be traced back to a reliable source. Some of these sites will even let you submit something to be fact checked.

How to Use Me


Assign each student a fact-checker and have them explore their site. Let students pick an article or social media post they didn't realize was fake and have them think-pair-share with a partner. Discuss what ways students usually fact-check claims and how often they do it in their lives. 

Alternatively: Let students try to fact-check a news article that is most relevant to a concept you are learning about in class or one of the readings for the week. Students should do a quick search online in whatever way they choose to see if they can verify the article's claims. Then assign each student or group a fact-checker from this list. Ask them which method of verifying the article they preferred, what was difficult or unhelpful with the fact-checker they used, or even if they think professors should be required to go through this process before they assign readings. 


Make the prompt above a discussion post! Use Flipgrid to allow students to record a brief answer to the prompt and have them submit it to the discussion post. You can then have them respond to each other's picks using Flipgrid or in written comments. 


Previously referred to as the Four Moves and a Habit in his open access textbook, Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers, Michael A. Caulfield has shortened and simplified this method of evaluating sources into the SIFT method.

Read more about using SIFT here. 


The CRAAP test has been used for many years and was originally developed by librarian Sarah Blakeslee from California State University, Chico.

Lateral Reading

The following module from one of our databases, CREDO Instruct, explains what lateral reading is and how students can use it. Check out the video at the end of the module for great practical applications. 

TIP: You can embed this whole tutorial as well as quizzes from CREDO Instruct in your Canvas shell. If you would like to know how, contact a librarian!

For Students