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APA Citation Guide

Butler's guide to APA citations

Books - General Information

FORMATTING BOOKS ON YOUR REFERENCES PAGE

  • Your entire paper, including your References page, should be double-spaced.
  • Alphabetize your References list by the first word of the citation (usually the author's last name).
  • Indent the second & following lines of the citation 0.5 inches (a hanging indent).
  • Multiple authors:
    • For 2-20 authors, your list of names will look like this: Wingert, P., Smith, J., & Brown, P.
    • More than 20 authors: provide the first s1 9 authors, an ellipsis, and the final author. For example, see below
  • Only capitalize the first word of the document title. If there is a colon in the title, capitalize the first word after the colon.
  • Italicize the title of the book.
  • If you are citing an e-book, do not include a period after the DOI number or URL.
  • Dates: Use n.d. (no date) when a publication date is not available.

Books with an Author

ONE AUTHOR

Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year). Title of book. Publisher.

Cabane, O. F. (2012). The charisma myth: How anyone can master the art and science of personal magnetism. Portfolio/Penguin.

TWO TO TWENTY AUTHORS

Last Name, First Initial(s), Last Name, First Initial(s), & Last Name, First(s). (Year). Title of book. City, State: Publisher.

Jeandron, C., & Robinson, G. (2010). Creating a climate for service learning success. American Association of Community Colleges.

TWENTY-ONE OR MORE AUTHORS

List the first nineteen authors, insert an ellipsis, and list the last author. There should be no more than twenty authors in the citation.

Last Name, A., Last Name, B., Last Name, C., Last Name, D., Last Name, E., Last Name, F., Last Name, G., Last Name, H., Last Name, I., Last Name, J., Last Name, K., Last Name, L., Last Name, M., Last Name, N., Last Name, O., Last Name, P., Last Name, Q., Last Name, R., Last Name, S., ... Last Name, Z. (Year). Title of book. Publisher.

Books with an Editor

You may cite an essay from a book with an editor and multiple authors, or the whole book. This will depend on what you have quoted within your paper. If there is more than one editor listed in the book's publication information, use the notation (Eds.) rather than (Ed.).

ENTIRE EDITED BOOK

Last Name, First Initial(s). (Ed.). (Year). Title of book. Publisher.

​Thompson, T. (Ed.). Poverty in America. Gale Cengage Learning, 2015.

ESSAY FROM AN EDITED BOOK

NOTE: The first name in the citation is the author of the essay, and the second name is the editor of the book.

Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year). Title of essay. In First Initial(s) Last Name (Ed.), Title of book (pp. pages of chapter). Publisher.

Montarjemi, Y. (2016). Progress has been made toward reducing foodborne outbreaks. In A. Francis (Ed.), Foodborne outbreaks (pp. 10-20). Greenhaven Press.

BOOK WITH AN AUTHOR AND AN EDITOR

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book. B. B. Editor (Ed.). Publisher.

Austen, J. (2012). The annotated Emma. D. M. Shapard (Ed.). Anchor Books.

No Author

On your References page, alphabetize books with no author by the first word in the title.

NO AUTHOR

Title of book. (Year). Publisher.

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. (2010). American Psychological Association.

E-books

An e-book citation follows the same rules as a print book citation, except that the publisher information is replaced by a DOI (digital object identifier - a unique code for the book) or the URL of the library database where you retrieved the e-book. If you did not retrieve the e-book from a database, include the URL of the online bookstore or publisher's home page instead. If you read the book on an e-reader (for example, a Kindle or Nook), identify the version you read in [brackets] (see below).

A Note about DOIs (Digital Object Identifiers): There are two DOI formats. The older format is simply a number, and is included in the citation as doi:number. (There is no space between the colon and the number.) The newer format is in the form of a URL and starts with http://dx.doi.org/, and is included as-is at the end of the citation (do not put "doi" or "Retrieved from" in front of it). For more information about DOI formatting, see the APA Style Blog.

E-BOOK FROM LIBRARY DATABASE (NO DOI)

Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year). Title of book. Publisher.

Anastos, M. V. (1979). Studies in Byzantine intellectual history. Variorum Reprints.

E-BOOK FROM LIBRARY DATABASE (HAS DOI)

Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year). Title of book. Publisher. http://doi.org/number

Gosling, J., Jones, S., & Sutherland, I. (2012). Key concepts in leadership. SAGE Publications. http://doi.org/10.4135/9781473914759

E-BOOK NOT FROM A LIBRARY DATABASE (NO DOI)

Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year). Title of book. Publisher. URL

Isenberg, N. (2016). White trash: The 400-year untold history of class in America. Penguin Books. https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com